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Sprains
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ArnicaA sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint. Falling, twisting, or getting hit can all cause a sprain. Ankle and wrist sprains are common. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising and being unable to move your joint. You might feel a pop or tear when the injury happens.

A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that connect muscle to bone. Twisting or pulling these tissues can cause a strain. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common. Many people get strains playing sports. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms, swelling and trouble moving the muscle.

At first, treatment of both sprains and strains usually involves resting the injured area, icing it, wearing a bandage or device that compresses the area, and medicines. Later treatment might include exercise and physical therapy.

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Symptoms

The usual signs and symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and loss of the ability to move and use the joint (called functional ability). However, these signs and symptoms can vary in intensity, depending on the severity of the sprain. Sometimes people feel a pop or tear when the injury happens

Here are some sIgns of a Sprain
  • You have severe pain and cannot put any weight on the injured joint.

  • The area over the injured joint or next to it is very tender when you touch it.

  • The injured area looks crooked or has lumps and bumps (other than swelling) that you do not see on the uninjured joint.

  • You cannot move the injured joint.

  • You cannot walk more than four steps without significant pain.

  • Your limb buckles or gives way when you try to use the joint.

  • You have numbness in any part of the injured area.

  • You see redness or red streaks spreading out from the injury.

  • You injure an area that has been injured several times before.

  • You have pain, swelling, or redness over a bony part of your foot.

  • You are in doubt about the seriousness of the injury or how to care for it.

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Causes

 

A sprain can result from a fall, a sudden twist, or a blow to the body that forces a joint out of its normal position. This results in an overstretch or tear of the ligament supporting that joint. Typically, sprains occur when people fall and land on an outstretched arm, slide into base, land on the side of their foot, or twist a knee with the foot planted firmly on the ground.

Although sprains can occur in both the upper and lower parts of the body, the most common site is the ankle. Ankle sprains are the most common injury in the United States and often occur during sports or recreational activities. Approximately 1 million ankle injuries occur each year, and 85 percent of them are sprains.

The talus bone and the ends of two of the lower leg bones (tibia and fibula) form the ankle joint . This joint is supported by several lateral (outside) ligaments and medial (inside) ligaments. Most ankle sprains happen when the foot turns inward as a person runs, turns, falls, or lands on the ankle after a jump. This type of sprain is called an inversion injury. One or more of the lateral ligaments are injured, usually the anterior talofibular ligament. The calcaneofibular ligament is the second most frequently torn ligament.

The knee is another common site for a sprain. A blow to the knee or a fall is often the cause; sudden twisting can also result in a sprain.

Sprains frequently occur at the wrist, typically when people fall and land on an outstretched hand.

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Home Remedies

Apply ice to the affected area and continue until swelling decreases.

Massaging the affected area with comfrey oil or cream can help in alleviating the pain.

In the case of a severe sprain, your ankle joint may be unstable. If this is the case you may require a cast to immobilize the joint until it heals. You may also be referred to a orthopedic specialist for further evaluation.

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Herbal Remedies

The tincture of Arnica is used for external application to sprains, bruises, and wounds, and as a paint for chilblains when the skin is unbroken. Repeated applications may produce severe inflammation. For tender feet a foot-bath of hot water containing 2 oz. of the tincture arnica has brought great relief.

Comfrey is one of nature's greatest arthritis remedies. Comfrey soothes and heals inflamed tissues, and it helps reduce swelling and pain in a most remarkable way. Comfrey root is made into a tincture for external use only.

Liquorice is very useful in treating muscular aches and sprains. Its roots are soaked in water overnight and this infusion is applied on the affected parts.

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Wellness Program

Perform warm-up exercises before undertaking any strenuous activity. Wear a brace or elastic support, or tape or wrap joints before engaging in vigorous physical activity. Engage in regular, moderate exercise to keep muscles and joints strong and flexible.

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