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A list of the more popular herbs that can be found all over the world. Description and benefits of Herbs.

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PMS (Premenstrual syndrome - tension)
Herbal & Home Remedies Herbal Remedies Home Remedies

DandelionPremenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition familiar to many women. Also known as ovarian cycle syndrome or premenstrual tension, it's defined as a set of symptoms (e.g., moodiness, bloating, breast tenderness) that comes on a few days before the start of a menstrual period. Unfortunately, PMS is poorly understood.

Different women will experience different PMS symptoms. For some women, PMS may cause major discomfort and even disrupt normal activities. Not every woman experiences PMS. Some are totally unaffected and feel perfectly fine during the days leading up to menstruation. Other women may have a more severe form of PMS called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Women with this form of PMS may suffer severe depression, anger, or low-self-esteem along with other symptoms.

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If you suffer from PMS, you may experience different types of symptoms than your mother, your sister, or a female friend. Even if your symptoms are the same as someone else's, you may experience them more or less intensely. Your symptoms may vary from menstrual period to menstrual period and may change over the years. In some women, symptoms are intense but short-lived. Other women have to interrupt their normal routines because of the symptoms they experience.

Symptoms can last anywhere from a few hours to two weeks before the start of a menstrual period. They usually start to go away when your period begins. In women close to menopause, symptoms may continue through and after a menstrual period. Some women go on to have painful periods after experiencing PMS. Teenage girls, for example, often have very painful periods after PMS, but this trend usually disappears as they get older.

PMS symptoms can be grouped into three categories:

Physical changes

  • backaches
  • bloating due to fluid retention
  • breast tenderness, fullness, and pain
  • changes in appetite (includes cravings for certain foods like chocolate)
  • constipation
  • dizziness
  • headaches or migraines
  • feeling of heaviness or pressure in the pelvis
  • hot flashes
  • difficulty falling asleep
  • joint pain and swelling
  • lack of energy
  • nausea and vomiting
  • severe fatigue
  • skin problems such as acne or itching
  • temporary weight gain
  • worsening of existing allergies
  • Mood changes

  • agitation
  • anger
  • depression
  • irritability
  • mood swings
  • nervousness

    Mental changes

  • confusion
  • difficulty concentrating
  • memory loss or forgetfulness

Complications usually involve existing medical conditions that are made worse by PMS. Allergies or eye problems may be more severe, and women who have epilepsy may have more seizures than usual. Women who have lupus or rheumatoid arthritis may experience flare-ups during this time.

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Women's menstrual cycles are controlled by a complex interaction of female hormones. These hormones help initiate menstruation during puberty, determine the rhythm and length of menstrual periods during childbearing years, and signal the end of menstruation at menopause. Hormonal control of menstruation involves the brain, pituitary gland, and ovaries.

The exact cause of PMS is unknown. It's thought to be related to changes in the level of specific hormones. A few studies suggest that PMS symptoms are linked to premenstrual fluctuations in a brain chemical called serotonin and increased sensitivity to the hormone progesterone. Other studies suggest that the hormone estrogen causes fluid retention, which probably explains the temporary weight gain, breast tenderness, and bloating experienced by many women with PMS. Recent research suggests that women with PMS may metabolize progesterone differently. Other hormonal and metabolic changes may also be involved, but further research is needed.

Other possible factors that may be associated with PMS symptoms include:

  • lack of certain vitamins and minerals
  • eating a diet that is high in salty foods
  • drinking alcohol or caffeine

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Home Remedies

Take a hot bath: It is suggested that hot bath can treat irritability and bloating, thereby relieving two of the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. You may take a hot bath with 5-7 drops of geranium essential oil (for irritation) or lemon oil (for bloating) for about half an hour.

Oatmeal: It is suggested that regular eating of oatmeal can help in relieving premenstrual syndrome.

Sunflower Seeds: Experts suggest that sunflower seed is a good source of magnesium that can help in relieving fluid retention and promoting blood circulation. You can grind some sunflower seeds in your coffee grounder and may add a tablespoon of this to your food daily.

Whole Grains: Experts suggest that it takes time for our body to convert whole grains into sugar. This can help in providing slow and sustained release of energy into our system, thereby relieving fatigue associated with premenstrual syndrome. You can include whole grains such as wholemeal bread, brown rice, millet, buckwheat, etc in your regular diet .

If you have suggestions or know of a proven home remedy add it here in the comment area.

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Herbal Remedies

Chamomile Tea can relieve abdominal cramps during premenstrual syndrome by relaxing the uterus. The tea can also induce people to sleep. For this, you can pour a cup of boiling water over five fresh chamomile flower heads. You can allow the tea to steep for about 5 minutes, strain and may drink it.

Dandelion, reduces bloating.

Peppermint, used to stabilize mood swings and eliminate gas.

If you have suggestions or know of a proven herbal remedy add it here in the comment area.

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Wellness Program

Getting regular exercise, which increases natural brain chemicals (endorphins) that reduce pain and provide a feeling of well-being.

Eating a balanced diet that helps keep your blood sugar levels stable. Eat small meals with complex carbohydrates, whole grains, protein, fruits, and vegetables. Avoid refined sugar, as well as excessive fats, salt, and alcohol.

Reducing stress with time management practices, enough rest, and relaxation techniques.

Limiting the amount of caffeine in your diet.

Quitting smoking, if you smoke.

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