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Eye (ailments) remedies
Herbal & Home Remedies Herbal Remedies Home Remedies

CorianderAlmost everyone will experience some eye ailment at one time or another. For example, your eyes might feel strained, dry, bloodshot, or itchy.

Eyes provide us sight, without which life would lose most of its meaning. But at the same time, eyes are constantly exposed to the external environment.

Almost everyone in the world overworks their eyes, due to which several eye problems occur. The list of problems that occur with the eyes is almost endless. We've compiled a few basic eye problems that are listed below.

Make sure to see your eye care professional for any problems that last more than a day or two.

Minor Eye Irritation
(May include sand, dirt, or other foreign body on the eye's surface.)
Wash your hands and then flush the eye with lukewarm water for up to 15 minutes. If the object remains embedded, seek professional medical help immediately.

Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye)
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, or clear membrane covering the white part of the eye and lining of the eyelids. It is a fairly common condition that usually poses no long-term danger to you or your child's vision. Call or see your doctor for prescription antibiotic eye drops or ointment to treat pinkeye.

Dry Eye Syndrome
Itching, burning, and irritation of the eyes, sometimes called "dry eye syndrome," is one of the most common problems treated by eye physicians. It is usually caused by the quality of the tears that lubricate our eyes. As we age, our bodies produce less oil to seal the eyes' watery layer. Hot, arid climates, air conditioning, certain medicines, and irritants such as cigarette smoke can all affect dryness. Your eye doctor might prescribe "artificial tears" or other eye drops to help alleviate the problem.

Floaters and Spots
Ever notice a small speck moving in your field of vision? It's called a floater, and it's a tiny clump of gel or cells in the vitreous, the clear, jelly-like fluid inside your eye. Aging, eye injury, and breakdown of the vitreous are the main causes of floaters. If you notice a sudden increase in the number of spots you see, call your eye care professional.

Cataracts
When we hear the word "cataract" we might think of a film on someone's eyes that causes double or blurred vision. But a cataract does not form on our eye, but rather within our eye.

A cataract is a clouding of the lens of our eye that makes it hard to see. In a normal eye, the lens is almost transparent and can change shape to focus objects at different distances from the eye. When the lens loses its flexibility and becomes "opaque," we call it a cataract.

Cataract formation has been linked to overexposure over a long period of time to ultraviolet (UV) light. Many older people develop cataracts, but they can be treated with a safe and simple surgical procedure performed by a special eye doctor called an ophthalmologist.

Have you ever opened your eyes underwater? People with cataracts say it's like looking through water. In fact, the word "cataract" means waterfall.

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Symptoms

Prolonged redness of the eyes can indicate an infection, inflammation, dryness, or a contact lens related problem. An examination as soon as possible will determine what is causing the redness.

Prolonged focusing problems may be caused by visually intensive jobs that involve work at a close range, including reading and computer work. Often there is a temporary difficulty in switching eye focus from near to far or vice versa.

Eye pain can occur by itself, or there may be various other symptoms present:

  • Red eye or pinkeye
  • Tearing
  • Light sensitivity (photophobia)
  • Discharge, which can be clear, or thick and colored (pus)
  • The eye being crusted shut after sleep due to discharge
  • Foreign body sensation -- the feeling that something is in the eye, whether or not anything actually is
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Decreased vision
  • Headache

Other symptoms accompanying sore eyes can be a clue to what is causing the eye pain.

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Causes

 

A feeling of discomfort or pain in the eye can be caused by a problem in the eye itself. It can also be cause by a problem involving any of the structures around the eye. The pain might stem from problems with any of the following:

  • Cornea -- the clear outermost disc covering the eye that allows in focused light
  • Conjunctiva -- the ultrathin covering of the front of the eye and inside of the eyelid
  • Iris -- the colored part of the eye, with the pupil in the middle
  • Orbit or globe -- the round eyeball itself
  • Muscles of the eye (extraocular muscles) -- which perform the eye's precise movements
  • Nerves -- which carry visual information from the eyes to the brain
  • Eyelids -- which protect and continually rub against the eyes

Problems can include:

Corneal abrasions. The cornea is the clear disc covering the colored part of the eye, known as the iris. The cornea is vulnerable to injuries from children's flying fingers, errant tree branches, or tennis balls. A scratch on the cornea is called an abrasion. It can be very painful.

Corneal infections. The cornea can also become inflamed or infected, a condition called keratitis. Herpes zoster, or shingles, which is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox, can involve the cornea.

Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva, the ultrathin lining over the front of the eye and on the inner side of the eyelids. Allergies or infections (viral or bacterial) can cause conjunctivitis, or pinkeye. Blood vessels in the conjunctiva become engorged, and the normally white part of the eye looks red. Other symptoms usually include itchiness and discharge.

Blepharitis occurs when there is inflammation or infection of the eyelid. A sensation of grit in the eyes, and sometimes pain, result.

A sty or stye -- also known as hordeolum -- is an infection or inflammation of the eyelid margin that can come from the hair follicles of eyelashes or from oil glands. A sty is most often painful and most often caused by infection.

Foreign bodies. Sometimes there really is something in the eye -- a bit of dirt, plant debris, or a fragment of a contact lens. Foreign bodies are usually just irritating, and tears or a water rinse clears them out. If not removed, foreign bodies can cause corneal abrasions.

Glaucoma is an eye condition that usually has no early symptoms. In some cases of glaucoma, though, pressures inside the eye rise suddenly. The condition is called acute angle closure glaucoma, and the symptoms include severe eye pain, nausea and vomiting, headache, and decreased vision. Acute angle closure glaucoma is an emergency and needs immediate treatment to prevent blindness.

Iritis is inflammation of the iris, the colored part of the eyeball. Iritis is uncommon, but can be due to trauma, infections, or autoimmune conditions. Symptoms include pain, red eye, and, often, decreased vision.

Optic neuritis. The nerve traveling from the back of the eyeball into the brain can become inflamed. Multiple sclerosis or other autoimmune conditions or infections are often to blame. Symptoms include eye pain and loss of vision.

Sinusitis can create pressure behind the eyes, causing eye pain on one or both sides.

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Home Remedies

Carrots (Daucus carota) Carrots are so beneficial in eye care that its virtues are taught to school students also. Carrots contain beta-carotene, which is the precursor of vitamin A in the body. Vitamin A is responsible for strengthening the eyes and protecting them from night blindness.

If you have suggestions or know of a proven home remedy add it here in the comment area.

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Herbal Remedies

Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum) Aniseed is especially beneficial in the treatment of cataract. The powder of its seeds is taken in a tablespoon quantity every morning and evening.

Babul (Acacia arabica) Babul can treat conjunctivitis. A paste of the babul leaves must be applied on the eyes before going to sleep at night. It will lessen the itchiness, wateriness and the redness of the sore eyes.

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) A decoction prepared from coriander can be used as an eyewash for people with conjunctivitis. There will be immediate reduction in the burning, redness and swelling of the eyes.

Indian Gooseberry (Emblica officinalis) The Indian gooseberry, known as amalaki, is exceptional in treating ocular problems. It can bring relief in both conjunctivitis and glaucoma. Its juice is taken with honey for better effects.

Indian Sorrel (Oxalis corniculata) The Indian Sorrel has exceptional properties in the treatment of several eye problems. A few drops of the juice of its leaves must be put in the eyes everyday to keep them free from strain. They can also be a good prevention for cataract.

Marigold (Calendula officinalis) Marigold is taken as a cold infusion for washing eyes that are stressed. This brings a cooling effect to the eyes. It is also effective in cases of conjunctivitis.

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) The raw juice of parsley is effective for eye care. It can relieve the eyes of problems such as corneal ulcers, cataracts, weak eyes, conjunctivitis, opthalmia and sluggishness of the pupils.

If you have suggestions or know of a proven herbal remedy add it here in the comment area.

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Wellness Program

There are several things you can do each day to maintain eye health and avoid problems.

- Drink eight to ten glasses of water to keep your body and eyes hydrated.
- Make a conscious effort to stop periodically to rest and blink frequently especially when reading, working on a computer, or watching television.
- Avoid rubbing your eyes.
- And remember to always protect your eyes from the sun's harmful UV light and glare with protective lenses.

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